T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S
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1. The chair may accord itself precedence for the purpose of clarifying rules or explaining any business before the body.
2. Parliamentary points that may interrupt the speaker are always considered immediately by the chair once they are recognized.
3. Motions shall have the following precedence:
a. Privileged Motions: Motion to Recess, Motion to Adjourn
b. Subsidiary Motions: Motion to Limit or Extend Speaking Time, Motion to Close or Open the Speakers' List, Motion to Table Debate, Motion to Adjourn Debate
c. Main Motions: Motion to Introduce (Resolution/Amendment), Motion to Set the Agenda, Motion to Caucus, Motion to Move into Voting Procedures
Speeches and Debate
1. No delegate may address the body without the permission of the chair.
2. The chair shall call upon speakers in accordance with the Speaker’s List.
3. Delegations comprised of more than one delegate may share allotted speaking time among members of the same delegation provided they do so in accordance with conference Policies.
4. Speeches must be given while seated or standing next to the delegation’s assigned position or from a point designated by the chair.
5. The chair shall call a speaker to order if: the delegate’s remarks are frivolous, dilatory, or not germane to the set Agenda Topic under discussion; the delegation’s allotted time has expired; or the speaker’s remarks are directed to a personality or nation rather than the issue at hand.
A delegation that is on the Speaker's List and has been granted the right to speak, may yield the remainder of their allotted time in one of the following ways:
1. To The chair: A delegate may at any time conclude the delegation’s speech by yielding to the chair. Upon doing so, the entire delegation shall retake their seats.
2. To Another Delegate: A delegation may yield unused time to another delegation. The intention to yield to another delegation may be made at any time during the delegation’s speech. Time may not be yielded to more than one delegation, and yielded time may not be yielded again, except to the chair.
3. To Questions: A delegation may yield to questions at the conclusion of the delegation’s speech. The chair shall recognize delegates to ask questions of the speaker. A delegate recognized to ask a question shall be limited to asking only one question. Only one member of the speaking delegation may answer a question, but that member may change from question to question. A delegation shall only be assessed for time that is actually spent answering a question. A delegation that has yielded time to questions yields to questions from all delegates recognized by the chair. A delegation may still yield to the chair at any time. Time yielded to questions may be extended, but may not be yielded again, except to the chair.
1. A delegate may interrupt with a Point whenever the floor is open. A delegate may only interrupt a speaker with a Point of Order or Personal Privilege, only when the Point directly concerns the speech being interrupted. A delegate raising a Point may not speak on the substance of the matter at hand, but may be granted time to make a short statement concerning the Point. If the chair feels that Points are being used to disrupt or delay the orderly conduct of business, the chair may rule that they must be submitted in writing for a specific period of time. This decision is not subject to appeal.
2. Point of Personal Privilege: A delegate may raise a Point of Personal Privilege whenever the delegate experiences personal discomfort that impairs the delegate’s ability to participate in the proceedings, except as specifically delineated elsewhere in these in these Rules. The chair shall make every reasonable effort to rectify the situation.
3. Point of Order: A delegate may raise a Point of Order whenever the delegate believes that these Rules are being violated. The chair will then immediately rule on the Point of Order.
4. Point of Information: A delegate may raise a Point of Information whenever the delegate desires to make an inquiry to the chair concerning these Rules, the state of business (past, present, and future); or any other relevant question pertaining to “conference matters.”
Rights of Reply
A delegate whose personal or national integrity has been impugned by an extraordinary comment of another delegate may request a Right of Reply. The Right of Reply is requested by making a Point of Personal Privilege immediately following the offending speech. A delegate may not interrupt a speaker with a Point of Personal Privilege to request a Right of Reply. The chair’s decision whether to grant the Right of Reply is discretionary, not debatable, and not subject to appeal. Once granted, the Right of Reply may be limited in length by the chair. The only yield in order will be a yield to the chair. A Right of Reply may not be made to a Right of Reply.
Recess and Adjournment
1. A recess is a set period of time during which no official business is conducted, and the presence of neither the officials nor the delegates may be required. Once a period of recess has been set, it may not be shortened, except by conference officials to bring the recess into conformity with the conference Schedule. When the meeting has reconvened, the business of the meeting shall continue at the point where the recess occurred. This motion is normally made at the end of a session.
2. Adjournment signifies that all business of the body contained in the Agenda has been completed. This motion is normally made only at the last regular meeting of the conference.
3. The motions to Adjourn and to Recess each require a second, are not debatable, and pass with the affirmative votes of the majority of the members. The chair may rule either of these motions dilatory, and this decision may not be appealed.
List of Motions
...set the speaker’s time: Adjust the time limit on speeches in any direction. (simple majority to pass)
...open the speakers list: Opens the speakers list to allow countries to be added as speakers. (simple majority to pass)
...close the speakers list: Means that no one else will be added to the list. Once list is exhausted moved directly into voting bloc. (simple majority to pass)
…set the Agenda: Decide the order of topics for debate. (simple majority to pass)
… Moderated Caucus/
Unmoderated Caucus: Include type, time limit of caucus, and purpose of caucus. Mod used to debate on topics. Unmod to write resolutions. (simple majority to pass)
… introduce a Resolution: Read resolution to committee for vote/debate. (simple majority to pass)
… introduce an Amendment: Allows a delegate to propose a change to a Resolution. (simple majority to pass)
…move into Voting Procedure: Allows the committee to begin voting on the resolution or amendment. (simple majority to pass)
...suspend the meeting for ____ minutes: Suspends meeting for _____ minutes, delegates by default enter unmoderated caucus. (simple majority to pass)
...suspend the meeting for ____ minutes for the purpose of _____:
Suspends meeting for ____ minutes only to ____. (simple majority to pass)
….adjourn the meeting until _____: Ends session until designated time. (simple majority to pass)
...close the debate: Debate ends and the body moves into voting bloc. (2/3 vote)
Point of Order: Speaker asks a question regarding procedure. (no vote)
Point of Information: Speaker asks a question regarding conference details or some other needed information. (no vote)
Point of Personal Privilege: Speaker makes a request regarding an unrelated personal issue, such as room temperature. (no vote)
Abstention - A vote during the voting process; to abstain is to be considered as not voting in favor or against. As the below example illustrates, an abstention may indirectly contribute to the passage of a resolution because only a majority of votes in favor is required. Example: A draft resolution that received 30 votes in favor, 10 votes against, and 40 abstentions would still pass due to a larger number of votes in favor, as compared to votes against. Note: Member States may abstain only if they are “Present” during formal roll call.
Adjournment of Debate - Ends debate on a topic, and on all draft resolutions/report segments for that topic, without voting on any proposed draft resolutions/report segments. A motion for reconsideration can reopen debate on this topic.
Adjournment of the Meeting - Ends the meeting until the next conference year.
Amendment - a change made to an operative clause of a draft resolution. Amendments can add, delete, or change an operative clause in a draft resolution. A Friendly Amendment is an amendment written and approved by all the sponsors to a draft resolution and is automatically included into the text. An Unfriendly Amendment is an amendment not approved by all the sponsors to their draft resolution and must be voted upon before it can be included into the text.
Decorum - Overall respect for the formal committee process and speakers.
Dilatory- A motion is dilatory if it may obstruct or delay the will of the committee (i.e. motions to suspend the meeting proposed immediately after several previous suspension motions failed).
Draft Resolution or Draft Report Segment - A working paper that has been accepted by the Dais, which is discussed and voted on by the body.
General Assembly - The main deliberative organ of the UN system, comprised of all Member States of the UN.
Majority Vote - A threshold at which many motions pass. A motion passes with a simple majority vote if more people vote yes than vote no (in the case of substantive votes, ignoring abstentions). To determine if something passes, compare yes votes to no votes only. Tie votes fail.
Merging - combining two or more draft resolutions to make a bigger or new draft resolution
Moderated Caucus - type of caucus in which delegates remain seated and the Chair calls on them one at a time to speak for a short period of time, enabling a freer exchange of opinions than would be possible in formal debate.
Motion - A request to do something during formal debate; motions are voted on by the body. Procedural motions: all Member States and observers of the committee vote. Substantive motions: only Member States vote.
Motion Out of Order - An incorrect (non-NMUN) motion or a motion used at the incorrect time during the Conference.
Non-governmental organization (NGO) - NGOs, also known as civil society organizations or CSOs, are nonprofit groups independent from governments. Normally organized around specific issues, NGOs deliver a variety of public and humanitarian services.
Observer - Non-Member State or organization granted status to participate in deliberations. Observers may not sponsor resolutions or vote on substantive matters, but they may act as a signatory and must vote on procedural matters.
Point of Inquiry - used when a delegate has a question about something that is not clearly understood in committee. Use this to ask a question if you don’t understand a term or get what’s going on in committee!
Point of Personal Privilege - used when a delegate experiences personal discomfort that hinders their ability to participate in committee. Examples: temperature of room, distractions during committee, can’t hear another delegate, etc.
Point of Order - Corrects an error in procedure and refers to an NMUN-specific rule.
Preambulatory Clause - Sets up historical context and relevant international law for a resolution, which justifies future action.
Procedural Vote - Votes on motions before the body; all delegations present must vote.
Roll Call - The first order of business in a Model UN committee, during which the Rapporteur reads aloud the names of each member state in the committee. When a delegate's country's name is called, he or she may respond "present" or "present and voting." A delegate responding "present and voting" may not abstain on a substantive vote.
Signatories - delegates who wish the see the draft resolution debated but may or may not agree with all of the ideas. However, they think there is some merit to it and want to see it presented. Some resolutions will require a minimum number of signatories.
Sponsor - One of the writers of a draft resolution. A friendly amendment can only be created if all sponsors agree.
Unmoderated Caucus - A type of caucus in which delegates leave their seats to mingle and speak freely. Enables the free sharing of ideas to an extent not possible in formal debate or even a moderated caucus. Frequently used to sort countries into blocs and to write working papers and draft resolutions.
Roll Call Procedure
1. The chair will call the roll for the purposes of establishing quorum at the beginning of each session. Members who desire to be considered present shall reply "present" when the name of their delegation is called. No members may be announced by proxy. A reply of "present and voting" requires the member to vote in the affirmative or negative on any substantive matter.
2. The chair will have the time of the last roll call posted. Delegations who were not considered present at the time of the last roll call and wish to be accorded full voting rights, must submit a note, in writing, to the chair requesting that they be considered present.
"Present" or "Present and Voting"
Setting the Agenda
1. The body shall set its own agenda, deciding between the two topics members have researched.
2. If there is a second and the motion passes, there will be a moderated-caucus styled-debate (for and against speakers) between delegates on which topic out of the two is more urgent.
3. Once the speakers' list of delegates for both for and against the new topic being set has exhausted, the committee will move into voting for or against setting the agenda to a certain topic.
"Motion to set the agenda to insert topic here "
1. A Speakers List shall be opened by a Motion to Open the Speaker’s List, following the setting of an Agenda Topic, for the purpose of debate in all substantive manners pertaining to the Agenda Topic. The Speakers List will be established by a show of placards.
2. A Speakers List is established for each individual topic and the Speakers List expires when a topic is tabled or adjourned or whenever a resolution has passed.
3. When the Speakers List is exhausted, debate is automatically closed on the Topic Area.
4. A delegate may move to close the Speakers List whenever the floor is open. This motion requires a second. If there is opposition, it is debatable to the extent of one speaker for and against the motion, and passes with the affirmative votes of a majority of the members. If the motion passes, the chair will permit no additions to the Speakers List.
5. A delegate may move to reopen a closed Speakers List whenever the floor is open. This motion requires a second. If there is opposition, it is debatable to the extent of one speaker for and against the motion, and passes with the affirmative votes of a majority of the members.
"Motion to open the speakers list"
"Motion to re-open the speakers list"
1. A delegate may move for a caucus whenever the floor is open. The motion for a caucus must include a reference to the type of caucus requested (moderated or unmoderated), a time limit, and the purpose of the caucus.
2. This motion requires a second, is not debatable, and passes with the affirmative votes of a majority of the members.
3. A caucus is the complete suspension of all rules in order to discuss the business at hand. conference Policies remain in effect at all times. During a moderated caucus, the Chair will have the sole authority to grant speaking rights in the caucus.
4. The chair will call the body back to order at the appointed time. The body may not reconvene from a caucus early, unless all delegations are present and there is unanimous consent. The time for a caucus may be extended at the chair’s discretion.
1. Multiple resolutions may be on the floor at any time.
2. To become a resolution, a working paper must explain the problem, include historical background and pose a solution to the problem. 25% of the body’s members, rounded up, are required for signatories.
3. Once a working paper has had the appropriate number of sponsors registered with the chair, the sponsor may move to introduce the working paper as a resolution whenever the floor is open. This motion is not seconded, debated, or voted upon. Once the motion is made, the resolution shall receive a designation by the chair, and is considered on the floor for debate. The resolution is not read to the body, and no speaking time is accorded to the sponsor for introduction.
"Motion to introduce working paper ___"